Originating in Japan, a traveling Japanese judoka, Mitsuyo Maeda introduced the art of judo to Carlos Gracie, in 1917.
By the 1920's the Gracie brothers, Carlos, Oswaldo, Gastão Jr, George, and Hélio had refined and developed new techniques to such an extent that Brazilian Jiu Jitsu was formed. This new self-defense system was based on the concepts of efficiency, leverage and technique, allowing an un-athletic and smaller individual the ability to defend and possibly defeat a larger opponent.
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a martial art based on ground combat and submission holds. It focuses on the skill of taking an opponent to the ground, controlling the opponent, gaining a dominant position, and using several techniques to force them into submission.
The qualities of endurance, strength, balance, stamina, and flexibility are all used with technique and skill to overcome an opponent. Gi jiu jitsu, or ground fighting with the kimono, is the more traditional form of the martial art. It uses a variety of grips and techniques using the opponent’s kimono to attack and ultimately achieve the submission through choke holds and joint locks.
No-Gi Submission Grappling
No-gi submission grappling uses the same principles as Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, however without the use of the traditional kimono.Classes are performed wearing a form-fitting rash guard and grappling shorts, which makes no-gi a faster, more dynamic practice.
Although there are subtle difference between the two, both gi and no-gi grappling use principles of control, leverage, and skill to overcome an opponent.